In the wake of a hectic lifestyle, the sleep schedules of people have suffered to a great extent. Hence, a lot of people suffer with insomnia of some kind or another.
Let us understand how our bodies act throughout the day. While we go about our activities on a daily basis, our biological clock, indicates our appropriate times of rest, as night falls. This in turn, is caused by a hormone called melatonin, which is released by the pineal glands in the center of our brains.
Secretion of this hormone happens at its maximum in babies and young ones. Melatonin is produced at a time when individuals rest, which is why babies have the maximum time for sleep.
With age, the secretion decreases, and this is why elderly people face difficulties in sleeping. Another reason for disruption of melatonin secretion is attributed to jet lag. Due to change in time zones, the biological clock gets disoriented, and hence, naturally the pineal glands face a disruption in their secretion function.